Experimental study of the dynamic indentation damage in thermally shocked granite
This paper presents an experimental procedure to study the effects of pre-existing cracks and damage on the rock behavior under dynamic indentation. To gain better understanding on the mechanism involved in percussive-rotary drilling procedure, a modified Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar device was used to carry out dynamic indentation tests, where rock drill buttons were impacted on rock samples with dimensions of 30 cm × 30 cm × 30 cm. Before the mechanical testing, the samples were thermally shocked using a plasma spray gun for periods of 3, 4, and 6 seconds. The plasma gun produces a powerful heat shocks on the rock sample, and even short exposures can change the surface structure of the samples and provide samples with different crack patterns and surface roughness for experimental testing. The effects of the heat shock damage on the dynamic indentation behavior of the rock were characterized with single- and triple-button indentation tests. The specific destruction work was used to characterize the effects of heat shocks on the material removal during dynamic indentation. The results show that the force-displacement response of the rock does not change much even if the rock surface is severely damaged by the heat shock, however, the destruction work decreases significantly. This means that the same loading removes more volume if the material surface is pre-damaged, and that the efficiency of the indentation process cannot be evaluated from the bit-rock interaction forces alone. The presented experimental framework can be a useful tool for the verification of numerical models where the rock microstructure and especially the microcracks are essential.
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