Numerical modelling of dynamic spalling test on rock with an emphasis on the influence of pre-existing cracks
This article deals with numerical modeling of rock fracture under dynamic tensile
loading and the related prediction of dynamic tensile strength. A special emphasis is laid on the
influence of pre-existing natural microcrack populations as well as structural (articial) cracks.
For this end, a previously developed 3D continuum viscodamage-embedded discontinuity model
is employed in the explicit dynamic nite element simulations of the spalling test. This model
is capable of modelling the eect of natural microcracks populations always present in rocks as
well as to capture the strain rate hardening eect of quasi-brittle materials. In the numerical
simulations of spalling test on Bohus granite, it is shown that the model can predict the pull-
pack velocity of the free end of the intact rock sample and the eect of structural cracks with
a good accuracy. According to the simulations, the effect of microcrack populations, modeled
here as pre-embedded discontinuity populations, is weaker than the corresponding eect under
Copyright (c) 2017 Timo Saksala
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